Archive | July 15, 2017

Choose Hand-forged Iron Hardware To Add Beauty To A Home

Hand-forged iron hardware is a way to add personalization and uniqueness to any home or building. From Art and Crafts to Contemporary, It can reflect any design style. Hand-forged iron hardware is so versatile that the possibilities for using it seem only limited by the imagination. Stair railings, cabinet pulls, balcony detailing, doorknobs, towel bars, and lighting fixtures can all be made using hand-forged iron. The lasting quality of hand-forged iron, both in look and durability make it a perfect choice for adding an extra touch to a home, building, or yard.

Cabinet pulls are a lovely way of using hand-forged iron to personalize a kitchen. Chosen to reflect the personality of the houses cook or simply chosen to mimic the houses dcor, cabinet pulls are a detail that designers love to use. Since hand-forged iron hardware wears so well with repeated touching, it is the perfect material for kitchen or bathroom cabinets. Care of hand-forged iron hardware usually involves nothing more than rubbing it with furniture polish.

Staircases are a great place to use hand-forged iron hardware in a home. So many historic homes used these types of railings in their staircases, and any homeowner wanting to mimic period styles will do well to consider hand-forged iron. Important to this process is for the homeowner to provide a designer with photos or drawings so that they are sure to design the railings in accordance with what the homeowner wants.

For the homeowner that wishes to renovate but only has a small budget, an inexpensive way to enhance a room is to change the existing hardware to add some custom-made hand-forged iron hardware. The contrast that iron makes with other materials such as wood adds beauty and character to any room.

Using hand-forged iron hardware outside is another way to add detail to a home. Because iron does not rust, it will continue to look exceptional for years. Caring for iron usually involves treating it with linseed oil for several years, but after that, such care isnt usually necessary. When designing balconies or porches, it is often the case that something is missing. Using hand-forged iron hardware is a perfect way to enhance a balcony railing. Again, finding photos of such detailing is essential in the design process. A doorknocker is another outside use for hand-forged iron hardware.

Hand-forged iron hardware is handmade by craftsmen. They are trained using the forging methods of historic blacksmiths. These artisans use the finest materials and methods, and properly constructed iron hardware should last several lifetimes. It is important for homeowners considering hand-forged iron hardware to research reputable craftsmen.

Whether it is a simple towel rack or a spiral staircase railing, using hand-forged iron hardware is a way to add beauty, character and personalization to any home. Its durability will allow it to last for years as it provides a conversation piece for home, yard or office. Home or building owners cannot go wrong in choosing to use this time-honored craft.

Science & social responsibility in public health

Epidemiologists and environmental health researchers have a joint responsibility to acquire scientific knowledge that matters to public health and to apply the knowledge gained in public health practice. We examine the nature and source of these social responsibilities, discuss a debate in the epidemiological literature on roles and responsibilities, and cite approaches to environmental justice as reflective of them. At one level, responsibility refers to accountability, as in being responsible for actions taken. A deeper meaning of responsibility corresponds to commitment to the pursuit and achievement of a valued end

Public health ethics is on the map. In the past year, bioethicists and public health practitioners have begun to focus their critical attention on this complex and understudied topic. Much remains to be done. Childress et al. (2002), for example, describe their account of public health ethics as a rough conceptual map of a terrain with undefined boundaries.

Our focus will be on the responsibilities of epidemiologists, a choice made for several compelling reasons. Epidemiology sits at the center of the science and practice of environmental health, and more generally, at the center of public health. Although it is often referred to as a basic science of public health, epidemiology connects the acquisition of scientific knowledge with its application in preventive interventions, programs, and policies. This connection suggests a fundamental question: What are our responsibilities as epidemiologists? Do we, for example, have a joint responsibility to participate in science and to apply the knowledge gained? This is a key concern for us as researchers, health professionals, and as teachers.

The social responsibility of public health professionals is but one of many concerns in the broader picture of public health ethics. It is nevertheless a central concern. As Ogletree (1996) reminds us, responsibility is a concept particularly well suited to flame many key aspects of the ethics of professions faced with making decisions and taking actions in complex situations. These decisions often involve advanced technologies, high levels of specialization, and overlapping areas of expertise and concern among decision makers from diverse educational, political, and social backgrounds, precisely the situation in contemporary epidemiology and public health. In sum, responsibility organizes many (although not all) of public health’s ethical issues in terms appropriate for professional practitioners.

Responsibility has a deeper meaning as well, corresponding to commitment. To be responsible means to be committed to someone or to some thing. Being responsible in this deeper sense involves a commitment to positive action, to the pursuit and achievement of something of value, such as a social good (Jonas 1984). We will return to the notion of social goods in public health. For now, we want to emphasize that responsibility focuses attention on professional commitments

Finally, our inquiry is intended to assist all public health researchers who seek to define their social responsibilities. For those who are involved primarily in environmental health research, we can think of at least two connected and current topics–environmental justice and community-based participatory research.